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have something done


當我們想說是某人為我們做某件事情時,我們使用 have + someting + 過去分詞,通常是因為我們付錢給他們(某人),或者因為我們說服或要求他們這樣做。例句比較:

We clean the house every Friday. (=我們自己清洗)
We have the house cleaned every Friday. (=其他人為我們清理它)

在此結構中,動詞 have 不是助動詞。在沒有助動詞的情況下,我們需要對否定句和疑問句使用 did do 。

We don’t usually have the house painted, we do it ourselves. 我們通常不讓人粉刷房子,我們自己粉刷。(不能說 We haven’t the house painted)
Did you have your house painted? It looks great. 你家刷漆了嗎? 看起來不錯。 (不能說Had you your house painted)

have something done 可以被用在任何動詞時態

I’m going to have my nails cut later. 我稍後要剪指甲。
He’s having his car repaired. 他正在讓人修理他的車。
I’ve had the kitchen tools replaced. 我已經更換了廚房工具。


當不好的事情發生在我們身上時,我們也可以用 have something done 取其被動受害的意思來說明這個負面不好的經驗

She had her house robbed in New York. 她在紐約的房子遭到搶劫。  (= her house was robbed)
They had their car crashed by a drunk driver. 他們的車被醉酒的司機撞壞了。

get something done

在非正式英語中,我們可以使用 get + something +過去分詞,其含義與 have something done 相同

I need to get my eyes tested.  我需要檢查一下我的眼睛。
They got their home rebuilt after the earthquake.  他們在地震後重建了家園。
She got her legs burned in the fire. 她的腿被火燒了。 (負面體驗)

have someone do something

我們可以使用結構 have + someone + 不定詞(動詞原形),其含義與 have something done 相同,但在這種情況下,我們是指名提到了為我們做某事的人。

We are having the architect redesign the ground floor. 我們正在讓建築師重新設計底層。
Susanne had her brother prune all the trees. 蘇珊娜讓她哥哥修剪所有的樹。

get someone to do something

我們也可以使用構造 get + someone + to + 不定詞(動詞原形)來談論某人為我們做某事,因為我們付錢給他們,或者因為我們要求或說服他們這樣做。但是,get someone to do通常意味著您已說服某人做某事。

I got a nanny to take care of the children at home. 我請了保姆在家照顧孩子。
Ellen’s teacher got her to attend an Essay contest in Japan. 艾倫的老師讓她參加了在日本舉行的作文比賽。

have/get something done 的用法 – 練習題

1. We had a carpenter our new house in Los Angeles.

2. The store should get before launching the newly renovated store.

3. Moving forward, I'm going to have every two weeks.

4. I should have with my nails. It's so dirty.

5. She said that she'd had with a titanium prosthesis.

6. They got an official investigator the crime scene.

7. You have to contact the store and ask them to get without a fee.

8. They while we were away for a party.

9. He should have before he left for a business trip.

10. They could anyone to fix the broken window.





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