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used to do 的用法


used to + 不定詞可以用來表達在過去重複做的某件事。

When I lived downtown, I used to go dancing every Friday. 當我住在市中心的時候,我每個星期五都會去跳舞。
When I was a student, I used to read magazines every weekend. 當我還是學生的時候,我每周末看雜誌。 


used to + 不定詞可以用來表達過去的情境或狀態(情態動詞),但現在已經不再是真的。

He used to be timid as a child.  他小時候很膽小。
I used to play basketball when I was a student. 我在還是學生時會打籃球。 

used to 的否定和疑問的形式

used to 的否定形式為 didn’t use to,若是要表達疑問要用 did you use to。used to 沒有現在式的形式。

Did you use to go to play basketball as a student? 你以前學生時去打籃球嗎?
I didn’t use to go swimming every summer. 我以前不是每年夏天都去游泳。

所以若是要表達現在的習慣或是現在重複的行為,可以用現在簡單式加上 usually, normally, often 等。

I usually go dancing on Friday. 我星期五通常會去跳舞。

be used to 的用法

用 be used to something/doing something 代表你已經習慣某件事或是習慣做某件事。或許一開始這是一件新奇的,奇怪的、或是困難的事,但你已經做了一段時間所以不再感到新奇、奇怪或是困難。be used to 是一個狀態,所以 be 動詞不能用進行式,通常會用簡單式。

It is hard to control my breathing when I started swimming, but now I’m used to it. 剛開始游泳時很難控制呼吸,但現在我已經習慣了。
I’ve been living in Taipei for 1 year and I’m still not used to reading traditional characters. 來台北一年了,還是不習慣看繁體字。 

get used to 的用法

若是用 get used to something/doing something 代表你正在習慣某件事。getting used to something是一個正在習慣某件事的過程。

I’ve just started my new job and I’m still getting used to working so late. 我已經開始我的新工作,但我還在習慣要工作到很晚。 
It might be difficult at first, but you’ll get used to running 5km every day. 一開始可能很困難。但是你將會習慣每天跑五公里。

used to do, be used to doing, get used to doing

used to 後面要加上不定詞。to 是不定詞的一部分。

She used to dance when she was in school. 她在學校時經常跳舞。 

be used to 或 get used to 後面可以加上名詞或 動詞-ing。to 後面若加上動詞要是v-ing的形式的原因是因為 to 是介詞,不是不定詞的一部分。

I’m not used to this car. 我還沒習慣這台車。 
I believe you’ll get used to playing with her. 我相信你會習慣跟她一起玩。

used to, be used to, get used to – 練習題

1. My brother is always speaking in English, that's why I also have speaking the language.

2. It took months for Anna to her new school after transferring to her 10th Grade.

3. My father working on the rice field because he grew up in the countryside.

4. She grew up in the city since birth. She to living in the village.

5. I'm new hire at work. I am sure I'll to this new working environment after a couple of weeks.

6. I have been here for a long time, but I still never the traffic.

7. He bought a new apartment in New York City. It will take him some time to the new living place.

8. When I was a teenager I dress up for Halloween, but not anymore.

9. When I was seven years old, I have ten dollars as my allowance, but now I am a teenager, it is fifty dollars.

10. After living in another country for a couple of years now, I can say that I the culture and language in this new hometown.




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