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当你在工作或学校时,经常会有请假的时候。那我们如何用英文来请假呢?

最常用的请假英文说法:

  • take (sometime) off
  • take a leave
  • ask for leave
  • be on leave 

I will ask for leave and see a doctor.我会请假去看医生。
She took a leave for four days last month. 她上个月请了四天假。
I’m taking 2 days off to handle some family issues. 我要请两天天假处理家里的事情。

take (sometime) off

在 take 和 off 中间可以放一段时间表示请了某段时间的假。如:

  • take a day off 请一天假
  • take two days off 请两天假
  • take a month off 请一个月假
  • take the afternoon off 下午请假
  • take this Friday off 本周五请假

I’m feeling really sick today, so I need to take the day off from work. 我今天感觉很不舒服,所以我需要请假一天。
My sister is getting married next week, so I’m going to take a few days off to attend the wedding. 我妹妹下周就要结婚了,所以我打算休息几天去参加婚礼。

注意:take a day off 和 take the day off 都是请一天假的意思。差别是,take a day off 只是说要请一天的假,但不确定是哪一天,而 take the day off 是已经确定要请某一天假时可以用,通常会指当天。

take a leave

请假最常用的动词是 take, “leave”做名词可以表示休假,请假。

在 leave 前面经常会加上特定单字表示不同的假别,如:take a sick leave  (请病假),也可以说可以说 take a sick day。常见的请假类型:

  • 病假 sick leave
  • 事假 personal leave
  • 产假 maternity leave
  • 婚假 marriage leave
  • 年假 annual leave

I need to take a sick leave for two days because I caught a cold. 因为感冒,我需要请两天病假.
Can I take a two-week personal leave for a trip? 我可以请两周的事假去旅行吗?
She is taking a one-week marriage leave. 她正在休一周的婚假。

ask for leave

请假除了与常见的动词 take 搭配, 我们也可以用 ask/request for leave。

He needs to ask for sick leave this Thursday. 本周四他需要请病假。
Tom is asking for annual leave this June. 汤姆今年六月请年假。

be on leave

be on leave 表示在休假的状态。

Sarah won’t be able to attend the meeting because she is on leave this week. 萨拉将无法参加会议,因为她本周休假。
Sorry. I can’t help you. I’m on sick leave today.抱歉。我帮不上忙。我今天请病假。

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