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However 意思是“但是, 然而”。

However 通常用在句子的一开头第一个字、逗号(,)之前(.)或分号(;)之后。

We didn’t like the restaurant. However, he had a good time.  我们不喜欢这家餐厅。然而,他玩得很开心。
I would like to have a cat; however, my wife is allergic to cats.  我想要一只猫; 然而,我妻子对猫过敏。


Although 的意思是“尽管事实如此”。

Although 可以用在句首或句中。 Although 之后不可以加逗号; 我们使用 although + 主语 + 动词

Although he had a bad leg, he still won the game.  虽然他的腿不好,但他还是赢了比赛。
I passed the exam, although I hadn’t studied. 我通过了考试,尽管我没有学习。



我们使用 because + 主语 + 动词

We had to cancel the game because it was snowing.  因为下雪,我们不得不取消比赛。
I didn’t call you because I didn’t want to worry you. 我没有给你打电话,因为我不想让你担心。

because of

我们使用 because of + 名词

We had to cancel the game because of the snow.  因为下雪,我们不得不取消比赛。
Many stores had to close because of the economic situation.  由于经济形势,许多商店不得不关门。



So 是最常见的连接词,用于表达说话者想要传达的某一个结果/结论。它通常用在句子中间的逗号(,)之后。

We studied hard all afternoon, so I am very tired now.   我们整个下午都在努力学习,所以我现在很累。
The mobile phone is very expensive, so I don’t think I’ll buy it.  这部手机很贵,所以我想我不会买。


Before 在…之前

我们可以用 before + 名词/ -ing动词,或者也可以用 before + 主语 + 动词

Before I have lunch, I read a few posts. 
Before having lunch, I read a few posts. 
Before lunch, I read a few posts. 

After 在…之后

我们可以用 after+名词/ -ing动词,也可以用 after + 主语 + 动词

I had a walk after lunch/ having lunch/ I have lunch. 午饭后我散步了。

当我们谈论连续动作时,我们可以使用 then 或 after that ,但不能使用 *after

I got up and had a shower. Then/After that, I made breakfast. 我起床洗了个澡。之后,我做了早餐。 (不能说 After, I made breakfast).

While 当…的时候, 一边做…一边做…

我们使用 while + 主语 + 动词来说明同一时间一起发生的动作。

I read the book while I was waiting. 我在等待的时候读了这本书。

as soon as, when, once 马上/立刻, 正当, 一…就…

As soon aswhen, 和 once 具有相似的意义。 As soon as 意思是“一…就…”。

As soon as/when/once I get home, I’ll finish my homework. 我一到家就要完成工作。

as soon aswhen, 和 once 之后我们使用现在式,而不用 will 将来式来说明未来会发生的事。

When I get home, I’ll call you. 我到家后会给你打电话。  (不能说 when I will get home)

当我们以 before、after、while、as soon as …等做为句子的开头时,我们在句子的第一部分后使用逗号。但是如果我们在句子的第二部分才使用 before, after, while, as soon as…等,我们就不用逗号。

Before I go to bed, I wash my face. 
I wash my face before I go to bed. 

表示转折,原因,时间的连结词 – 练习题

1. We couldn't find a taxi,   we walked home

2.   it was very cold, she wasn't wearing a coat.

3. I woke up   there was a noise.

4. I called him his mobile was turned off.

5. she's very nice, she doesn't have many friends.

6. There was nothing on TV, I went to bed.

7. All the cafés were full   it was a public holiday.

8. She studied quite hard   she failed the exam.

9. She was crying   her team lost the match

10. They wanted to win   it was impossible




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