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would rather/would sooner 宁愿…

would rather/sooner + 不定式 … (than)

我们使用 would rather/sooner + 不定式(动词原形, 没有to )来说明个人偏好。我们可以在肯定句中加上 than +名词/不定式),或在疑问句中加上 or,一起使用。

I’d rather/sooner have juice, please. 我宁愿喝果汁,拜托。
I’d rather/sooner have juice than drink that beer. 我宁愿喝果汁也不愿喝那种啤酒。
Would you rather/sooner have juice or beer? 你宁愿喝果汁还是啤酒?

would rather/sooner + 主语+ 一般过去时

我们可以使用would/sooner + 主 +一般过去时 来指现在或未来希望达成的状态。

They’d rather/sooner he was/were with them right now. 他们宁愿他现在和他们在一起。
He’d rather/sooner I picked him up after work. 他宁愿我下班后早点接他。
Would you rather/sooner we went by plane or by bus? 你宁愿我们乘飞机还是乘汽车去?

注意:我们在 would rather + 主语( I / he /she) 之后可以用 were 代替 was

Prefer 偏好/更喜欢

(would) prefer + to + 不定式…… (rather than/instead of)

我们使用 prefer/would prefer +名词或 to +不定式,来说明特定的偏好,意即我们在特定场合更喜欢什么。

would prefer to stay in a hotel near the airport. (或 I would rather stay…) 我宁愿住在机场附近的酒店。
Most clients prefer to have breakfast in their bedroom. 大多数客户喜欢在他们的卧室里吃早餐。

我们可以使用 prefer/would prefer rather than/instead of 来显示我们拥有的选择。

I would prefer to be alone rather than be with others. 我宁愿独自一人,也不愿和别人在一起。
I prefer to go with my friends instead of staying here with my cousin.我更喜欢和我的朋友一起去而不是和我的表弟住在这里。

注意:我们使用 rather than + 不定式,没有 to

prefer + 动词进行时

我们使用 prefer + 名词或动词进行时-ing来说明一般偏好,意即普遍情况下,我们通常更喜欢什么。

I love dancing, but she prefers singing. 我喜欢跳舞,但她更喜欢唱歌。

我们可以使用 prefer 搭配 to 表示我们现有的选择。这里 to 是介词,所以如果我们在 to 之后使用动词,它应该采用动词进行式-ing的形式。

She prefers reading to writing.比起写作,她更喜欢阅读。

would rather, would prefer – 练习题

1. I prefer strong coffee mild coffee.

2. I don't want to meet them. I'd rather home with my family.

3. I like diving, but I prefer on the beach.

4. I'd rather go to New York in September in January.

5. I'd rather attend the party with my friends in my room.

6. I prefer travelling by plane by bus.

7. My favorite is juice, but today I'd prefer a beer, please.

8. I'd prefer to listen to music a TV show.

9. I'd rather you here with me and the kids.

10. My parents to stay at home.




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