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如果想用英文问问题,顺序为 QWASM: Question word 疑问词, Auxiliary verb 助动词, Subject 主语, Main verb 主要动词。在yes-no 问句中(答案为 yes 或 no 的问题),则没有疑问词。

Question word 疑问词Auxiliary 助动词Subject 主语Main verb 主要动词
 Doyoulike pizza?
What timedoesheget up?
How muchdidyoupay for it?
What carhaveyouGot?

be 动词为主要动词的疑问句

 当 be 动词为主要动词时,在疑问句中会被当作助动词,并且在主语后面不用加入主要动词。


疑问词be 动词主语形容词,名词等
 IsSharonFrom the US?
How oldareYou? 


在放助动词的位置可以用 be, do, have 或任何情境动词 can, could, will, would, should 等。

在 have got 和现在完成式中的 have 只是助动词。

Have you got any brothers or sisters? 你有兄弟姐妹吗?
What have you cooked for lunch? 你中午做了什么?

Have 的其他用法则需要助动词 (do, did)。

What time did you have dinner yesterday? (不能说 had you dinner) 你昨天几点吃晚饭?
Do you have to do it now? (不能说 Have you to do it) 您现在必须做这个吗?

Have got 只有现在式,没有过去式。

Did you have many toys when you were a child? (不能说 Had you got many toys when you were a child?) 你小时候有很多玩具吗?


whoA: Who is that man? B: That’s Peter.
whereA: Where do you live? B: In London.
whenA: When did he arrive? B: In the afternoon.
whyA: Why did you leave? B: Because I was tired.
howA: How did you go? B: By car.
whatA: What are you doing? B: Nothing.
whichA: Which car is better? B: The red one.
whoseA: Whose book is this? B: It’s mine.
what timeA: What time did he call? B: At 7 pm.
what kindA: What kind of car is it? B: A hybrid.
how manyA: How many tables are there? B: Four.
how muchA: How much tea is there? B: A lot.
how longA: How long did you stay? B: one week.
how oftenA: How often do you go? B: Every day.
how  farA: How far is the town? B: two miles away.
how oldA: How old is your sister? B: She is 30.

how much

我们可以用 how much 来询问某物的价格。

How much is the book? 书多少钱?

how + 形容词

我们可以用 how + 形容词 来作为疑问词.

How tall are you? 你有多高?
How fast is your car? 你的车有多快?

which vs what

我们可以用 which +名词,也可以用 what +名词。当有少量可能性的答案时,我们使用 which。看看区别:

Which car do you like, the red or the blue? 你喜欢哪辆车,红色的还是蓝色的?  (少量的可能性答案)
What car have you got?’ ‘A Mercedes.’  “你有什么车?” “一辆奔驰。” (很多的可能性答案)

英文中如何提问 – 练习题

1. How often to parties?

2. How many friends in school ?

3. What time buy my new phone?

4. Where yesterday?

5. Anna going to school this morning?

6. Why your dirty clothes in the cabinet?

7. What with the knife this late evening?

8. When a poster?

9. What time the doctor tomorrow?

10. Who to her birthday party?




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