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there is, there are – 用法

我们用 there is, there are 来表达某件存在的事。

There is a lot of noise. 有很多噪音。

表达某个东西的位置

我们通常用 there is, there are 来表达某个东西的位置。

There is a new building around the next street. 下一条街附近有一座新大楼。
There are five oranges in that basket. 那个篮子里有五个橙子。

表达某件事发生的时间

there is, there are 也可以用来表达某件事发生的时间。

There is a firework at 8 p.m. 晚上8点有烟火。
There are a lot of storms in summer. 夏天有很多暴风雨。

搭配 a, some, any 

我们通常会用 there is, there are + a, some, any。

 单数可数名词复数可数名词不可数名词
a/anThere is a person in the room.  
some There are some cars outside.There is some milk in the jug.
any There aren’t any cars outside.There isn’t any milk in the jug.

there is + 单数 / there are + 复数

我们用 there is + 单数名词,而 there are + 复数名词。

There is a new band I like. 我喜欢一个新乐团。
There are some problems that we need to solve. 我们需要解决一些问题

如果 there is 后面的第一个名词为单数,则会用 there is + 事物清单。

There is a table, sink, and four chairs in the kitchen. 厨房里有一张桌子、水槽和四把椅子。

there is, there are – 形式

 现在时过去时
肯定句There is  / there’s / there arethere was / there were
否定句There is not / there isn’t / there are not / there aren’tThere was not / there wasn’t / there were not / there weren’t
疑问句Is there? / are there?Was there ? / were there?
简短回答Yes, there is. No there is not/isn’t.
Yes, there are. No, there are not/aren’t.
Yes, there was. No, there was not/isn’t. Yes, there were. No, there were not/weren’t.

Present and past 现在和过去

there is 和 there are 的过去式形式为 there was 和 there were。

房间里有一台电脑。
There is a computer in the room.  ⇒ There was a computer in the room.

房间里有一些电脑。
There are some computers in the room.  ⇒   some computers in the room.  ⇒ There were some computers in the room.

缩写形式

there is 的缩写为 there’s,但是 there are 并没有缩写,而且在简短答案中不能使用 there’s。

There’s a new student in this class. 这个班有一个新学生。
There are two new teachers in the school. 学校里有两位新教师。

there was/there were 没有缩写。

在否定句中,我们通常使用缩写形式 there isn’t/ there aren’t 和 there wasn’t/weren’t。

There isn’t any butter left in the fridge. 冰箱里没有奶油了。
There aren’t any books in this box. 这个箱子里没有书了。

there is, there are – 练习题

1. In my classroom, ________ a desk, a blackboard, and ten cabinets.
a.
b.
c.
2. Is there a new menu in the cafe?" " Yes, ______."
a.
b.
c.
3. When I entered my room, ________ a man searching for something in my cabinet.
a.
b.
c.
4. You can go now. _____ any danger.
a.
b.
c.
5. ________ any cars passing by in the streets yesterday?
a.
b.
c.
6. ________ some fruit in the basket.
a.
b.
c.
7. ___________ many visitors to the party last week.
a.
b.
c.
8. Are there many beauty salons in your street?' Yes, _________.'
a.
b.
c.
9. _______ paper and a pen in my bag.
a.
b.
c.
10. ________ an accident in the neighboring street last night.
a.
b.
c.

 

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