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1. 表示预测时

will 可以用来表达你认为某件事会发生。

I think she’ll win the competition. 我认为她将会赢得比赛。
I will be a good teacher. 我将会是一位好老师。

be going to 可以用来表达你预见的某件事即将发生(有现有的证据)。

Don’t run too fast. You’re going to fall down. 不要跑太快,你就要摔倒了。
The doctor said she is going to have a surgery. 医生说她将要做手术。

在表示预测时,will 和 be going to 有些微的差异。比较:

The concert starts in 30 minutes. We are going to be late. 音乐会在 30 分钟后开始。我们要迟到了。  (表示我能预见到30分钟内是赶不上音乐会了)

We need to hurry up. We’ll be late for the concert.  我们需要快点。音乐会我们要迟到了。 (表示我认为音乐会要迟到)

2. 表示做出选择时

用 will 表示你在讲这句话的同时做出了选择(当即做出选择,在此之前是不知道的)

“ I forget to take my cellphone.”  “Don’t worry, I’ll bring it for you.” “我忘记拿我的手机了” “别担心,我会帮你带着。”

用 be going to 表示你在讲这句话之前便已经做出选择(打算或计画)

 “Why are you putting up your shoes?” “Because I’m going to go running.” “你为什么在穿鞋子?” “因为我要去跑步”


‘Mike said he needs to talk to you.’ ‘Oh, I didn’t know. I’ll call him tonight.’ (我今晚打电话这个选择是当时决定的,在此对话前并不知道)

‘Mike said he needs to talk to you.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to call him tonight‘ (我今晚打电话这个选择在对话发生前就已经知道)

will 和 be going to – 练习题

1. A: Why did you bring your swimming equipment? B: I the swimming styles I learned in class.

2. A: I'm already frustrated because I still have lots of homework. B: You don't have to worry; I you with it.

3. A: Did you remember to buy the tickets?     B: Oh no, I forgot! I them online now.

4. They prepared for the event, and the performance exciting tomorrow.

5. A: You will be attending your new school next week. B: Yes, and I my school supplies tomorrow with my friend.

6. A: We don’t have any bread. B: Really? I some from the shop then.

7. A: Where are you going to use my car? B: I my parents in the another city tomorrow.

8. A: I'm so bored. B: I the TV on, and let's watch some movies.

9. A: What are your plans during summer break? B: I in a small cafe near the university.

10. A: All the lights have gone off!     B: Don't worry. I a look.




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