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在被動式中,主動句的受詞變成了主詞。我們則必須使用各種時態的 be 動詞,後面加上主要動詞的過去分詞。在被動式句子中,主詞是動作的接受者,而不是動作的執行者。

They take the photos in Japan. 他們在日本拍照片。(主動)
The photos are taken in Japan. 這些照片是在日本拍攝的。(被動)


They take the photos.現在簡單式The photos are taken.
They are taking the photos.現在進行式The photos are being taken.
They have taken the photos.現在完成式The photos have been taken.
They took the photos.過去簡單式The photos were taken.
They were taking the photos.過去進行式The photos were being taken.
They will take the photos.未來式The photos will be taken.
They are going to take the going toThe photos are going to be taken.
They will have taken the photos.未來完成式The photos will have been taken.



A bank was robbed last week. 上周一家銀行被搶了。(我們不知道是誰搶劫了銀行。)
He was arrested last night. 他昨晚被捕了。(很明顯,警詧逮捕了他。)
have been told that you insulted my brother. 有人告訴我,你侮辱了我哥哥。(我不想說是誰告訴我的。)
Jurassic Park was filmed by Spielberg in 1993. 《侏羅紀公園》由斯皮爾伯格於1993年拍攝。(我說的是《侏羅紀公園》,而不是斯皮爾伯格。)

各種時態的被動式 – 練習題

1. The new chemical   when it exploded.

2. How could you insult the manager? You   fired.

3. She   of everything.

4. When I opened the cupboard, I saw that all the cookies .

5. You to be so late if you worked for me.

6. After   he insulted the referee.

7. A new restaurant   in our street next week.

8. The question at the meeting.

9. The car isn't  there anymore. It   stolen.

10. He   about the decision and got angry.




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