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我们可以使用 “by + 动词-ing” 和 “with + 名词” 来解释我们如何进行某事。

by + 动词-ing

通常我们会在 “by” 后使用动词+ing。 “by” 用于搭配一个动作。

He opened the box by hitting it. 他通过敲打来打开盒子。
I’m going to pass the exam by studying hard. 我打算通过努力学习来通过考试。
They got into the room by climbing in the window. 他们通过爬窗户进入了房间。

with + 名词

当我们谈论做某事是通过某个工具或东西时,通常使用“with + 名词”。

He opened the box with a hammer. 他用锤子打开了盒子。
She cut the bread with a knife. 她用刀切面包。
He grabbed the rope with his hand. 他用手抓住绳子。

by 或 with – 练习题

1. She woke up the children calling to them.

2. We opened the locker a key.

3. He learned the vocabulary repeating it.





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